Second Sunday in Advent

Carolingian Fresco of Saint John the Baptist Sending His Disciples to Christ to Ask “Art thou he that art to come, or look we for another?” in the center apse of the Church of Saint John the Baptist in Müstair, Switzerland.

Today’s Gospel reading, Matthew 11.2-10, is a rare subject in Medieval and Renaissance art, but a monastery church in the Swiss Alps, constructed and painted around the year 800, preserves an endearing depiction of Saint John the Baptist in a prison cell resembling a shower stall, as he sends his two disciples to Christ to ask if He is the one to come. The church is dedicated to Saint John the Baptist, and the center apse presents the story of his life, the later part of his life with Romanesque frescoes still covering the original Carolingian. But this scene is from among the Carolingian. The remains of its inscription read – IVB[ … ]I[.]ISCO( )[ .. ]SPE[ .. ]I[—.

The Liturgical Year by Dom Guéranger

Station Church

Santa Croce in GerusalemmeChurches of Rome Wiki

Sermons

Homilies Of Feasts And Sundays By Catholic Church Fathers by D. G. Hubert (Washbourne, 1901).

Explanation of the Epistles and Gospels for the Sundays, holydays and festivals throughout the ecclesiastical year, to which are added the lives of many saints by Leonard Goffiné (Pustet, 1880).

Goffine’s Devout Instructions on the Epistles and Gospels for the Sundays and Holydays (Benziger, 1896).

Abridged Sermons for all the Sundays of the Year by Saint Alphonsus Liguori.

The Catholic Pulpit: Containing a Sermon for Every Sunday and Holiday in the Year and for Good Friday (Murphy, 1851).

Readings for the Sundays and Holy Days of the Church’s Year (Bosworth, 1881).

Original, Short and Practical Sermons for Every Feast of the Ecclesiastical Year : Three Sermons for Every Feast by Francis Weninger (Lowen, 1882).

Analysis of the Gospels of the Sundays of the Year by Angelo Cagnolo (Benziger, 1892).

Sermons for Children’s Masses, Accorading to the Sundays and Principal Festivals of the Year by Raphael Frassinetti (Benziger, 1900).

Sermons from the Latins by James J. Baxter (Benziger, 1902).

Short Discourses for all the Sundays in the Year According to the Mind & Method of the Catechism of the Council of Trent by John McQuirk (St. Paul’s Library, 1908).

Meditations for Every Day

Meditations for Every Day in the Year by Roger Baxter (Benziger, 1823, reprinted in 1884).

Meditations for All the Days of the Year by M. Hamon (Benziger, 1894).

Meditations on the Life, the Teaching and the Passion of Jesus Christ for Every Day of the Ecclesiastical Year by Augustine Maria Ilg (Benziger, 1901).

Meditations for the Use of the Secular Clergy by Pierre Chaignon (Benziger, 1907).

Art

Panel 13 on the Doors by Andrea Pisano for the Florence Baptistery (14th C.)

Saint John the Baptist in Prison Visited by Two Disciples by Giovanni di Paolo (15th C.)

Saint John the Baptist in Prison Sends His Disciples to Question Jesus by Ermenegildo Lodi (17th C.)

Saint John the Baptist in prision Visited by his Disciples by Giuseppe Caletti (17th C.)

Warburg Institute Iconographic Database

Music

Medieval Music Database

Advent

The Liturgical Year by Dom Guéranger

Heortology: A History Of The Christian Festivals From Their Origin To The Present Day by Heinrich Kellner (Paul, Trench, Trübner, 1908).

Sermons

Explanation of the Epistles and Gospels for the Sundays, holydays and festivals throughout the ecclesiastical year, to which are added the lives of many saints by Leonard Goffiné (Pustet, 1880).

Goffine’s Devout Instructions on the Epistles and Gospels for the Sundays and Holydays (Benziger, 1896).

Meditations

Meditations for the Use of the Secular Clergy by Pierre Chaignon (Benziger, 1907).

The First Sunday in Advent

The Gospel Reading for today, Luke 21.25-33, with Mark 13.24 ff., contributes to the description of the Second Coming of Christ, or the Parousia, in Matthew 24.29 ff.. Art historically, the relationship of the Parousia with images of the Last Judgment has been contentious (see Yves Christe, La vision de Matthieu (1973), but theology does not support this sophistry.

And then they shall see the Son of man coming in a cloud, with great power and majesty.

et tunc videbunt Filium hominis venientem in nube cum potestate magna et majestate.

The Gospel of Saint Luke 21.27

The Gospel of Saint Matthew adds the more intriguing detail of the sign of the Son of man.

And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all tribes of the earth mourn: and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with much power and majesty.

et tunc parebit signum Filii hominis in caelo : et tunc plangent omnes tribus terrae : et videbunt Filium hominis venientem in nubibus caeli cum virtute multa et majestate.

The Gospel of Saint Matthew 24.30

Far more interesting art historically is the meaning of clouds to signify the majesty of God. See Observations on the Representation of Doxa in the Mosaics of S. Maria Maggiore, Rome, and St. Catherine’s, Sinai by William Loerke in Gesta (1981). The sign of the Son of Man is a topic for another day.

For an illustration of this chapter in Luke, not of the Parousia in today’s reading, but of the days of vengeance that will come before – a 15th/16th-century German manuscript illumination.

The Liturgical Year by Dom Guéranger

Station Church

Santa Maria MaggioreChurches of Rome Wiki

Sermons

Homilies Of Feasts And Sundays By Catholic Church Fathers by D. G. Hubert (Washbourne, 1901) (see also)

Explanation of the Epistles and Gospels for the Sundays, holydays and festivals throughout the ecclesiastical year, to which are added the lives of many saints by Leonard Goffiné (Pustet, 1880).

Goffine’s Devout Instructions on the Epistles and Gospels for the Sundays and Holydays (Benziger, 1896).

Abridged Sermons for all the Sundays of the Year by Saint Alphonsus Liguori.

The Catholic Pulpit: Containing a Sermon for Every Sunday and Holiday in the Year and for Good Friday (Murphy, 1851).

Readings for the Sundays and Holy Days of the Church’s Year (Bosworth, 1881).

Original, Short and Practical Sermons for Every Feast of the Ecclesiastical Year : Three Sermons for Every Feast by Francis Weninger (Lowen, 1882).

Analysis of the Gospels of the Sundays of the Year by Angelo Cagnolo (Benziger, 1892).

Sermons for Children’s Masses, Accorading to the Sundays and Principal Festivals of the Year by Raphael Frassinetti (Benziger, 1900).

Sermons from the Latins by James J. Baxter (Benziger, 1902).

Short Discourses for all the Sundays in the Year According to the Mind & Method of the Catechism of the Council of Trent by John McQuirk (St. Paul’s Library, 1908).

Meditations for Every Day

The Way of Salvation: Meditations for Every Day of the Year by Saint Alphonsus Liguori.

Meditations for Every Day in the Year by Roger Baxter (Benziger, 1823, reprinted in 1884).

Meditations for All the Days of the Year by M. Hamon (Benziger, 1894).

Meditations on the Life, the Teaching and the Passion of Jesus Christ for Every Day of the Ecclesiastical Year by Augustine Maria Ilg (Benziger, 1901).

Meditations for the Use of the Secular Clergy Volume II by Pierre Chaignon (Benziger, 1907).

Music

Medieval Music Database